According to occupational science, and contrary to predominant productivist and economistic views, occupations include a wide range of activities, such as paid or unpaid work, leisure, self-care, and social participation. These activities can be performed individually or with others, and can take place in a variety of settings, such as home, school, work, or community.
Occupations are essential to human well-being, as they provide individuals with a sense of purpose, meaning, and fulfillment. The ability to engage in meaningful occupations is also considered to be an important indicator of health and quality of life. Many occupational scientists consider that the access to meaningful occupations is a human right, and we agree with this assessment.
In summary, occupations are the ways humans occupy their space-time continuum and make sense of their lives.
 “Occupational science,” Wikipedia.
 A. A. Wilcock and C. Hocking, An occupational perspective of health, 3rd ed. Thorofare, NJ: SLACK Incorporated, 2015.